Silver ionization water purification system generates positively charged silver ions, which then interact with negatively charged microorganisms. This attraction leads to the bonding of silver ions and microorganisms. Silver ions restrict the enzymes that microorganisms need to breathe and kill them. Silver is enormously effective because of its capability to interfere with DNA production and speed up the death phase of bacteria and viruses.
Ions resist each other and are always in suspension because of their charge. They have a significant surface area of silver per unit amount of silver due to their microscopic size. The small size and significant surface area-to-volume ratio of silver enable its surface chemistry.