Silver ions produced in the silver ionization water purification system are positively charged, while microorganisms are negatively charged. The silver ions and microorganisms are attracted to each other. Silver ions restrict the enzymes that microorganisms need to breathe and kill them. Silver is enormously effective because of its capability to interfere with DNA production and speed up the death phase of bacteria and viruses.
Ions resist each other and are always in suspension because of their charge. They have a significant surface area of silver per unit amount of silver due to their microscopic size. The surface chemistry of silver is enabled by its small size and large surface area to volume ratio.